The Miami-Dade County Injury Surveillance System (MDCISS) was initiated in 2004 to obtain accurate and timely information on the incidence and determinants of fatal and nonfatal injuries that occur to Miami-Dade residents. The objective of the MDCISS is to provide data that can be used to initiate or assist injury prevention programs and help measure their effectiveness. The MDCISS is a collaborative effort between the Miami-Dade County Health Department, the Injury Free Coalition for Kids-Miami, the University of Miami and Jackson Health Systems. It has been supported, in part, through funding from The Children’s Trust and the Health Foundation of South Florida.
Injuries are a major public health problem in Miami-Dade County and are the leading cause of death for county residents between the ages 1 to 44 years. Further, for every injury-related death to a county resident in 2012, there were an additional 13 nonfatal hospitalizations and 158 emergency department visits due to an injury.
Injuries to Miami-Dade County Residents During 2012
Injuries were responsible for 1,131 resident deaths in 2012, a increase of 9% from 1,038 injury-related deaths in 2011.
Unintentional (accidental) injuries accounted for 666 (59%) of injury deaths, followed by suicides (228, 20%) and homicides (233, 21%).
Firearm injuries were the leading cause of injury-related death (285, 25%) followed by and motor vehicle traffic injuries (255, 23%) and falls (168, 15%).
Firearm deaths have decreased from 318 deaths in 2007 to 255 in 2012, a 20% decline. Sixty-six percent of firearm deaths in 2012 were homicides, 33% were suicides and there were four unintentional firearm deaths.
Injuries were responsible for 15,251 nonfatal hospitalizations to county residents in 2012. Falls (48%) were the leading cause of injury hospitalizations followed by motor vehicle traffic injuries (14%) and poisonings (11%).
Injuries were responsible for 178,992 nonfatal emergency department (ED) visits to county residents in 2012. Falls (30%) were the leading cause of ED visits followed by struck by or against an object/person (13%) and motor vehicle traffic injuries (10%).
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