Dengue and Mosquito Control

 

INFORMATION ABOUT DENGUE AND HOW TO PREVENT THE DISEASE



English

How to Prevent the Spread of the Mosquito that Causes Dengue
Dengue Case Management
Information for Health Care Practitioners
You Can Prevent Mosquito-borne Illness
The Key to Avoiding Infection is Prevention - flyer
Drain Standing Water - flyer




Spanish


Según su historial clínico y examen médico, su niño/a o familiar puede tener dengue
Evite la cría mosquitos en sus pozos sépticos
Manejo Clínico de Casos de Dengue
Cómo Controlar el Mosquito del Dengue
Drene el Agua Estancada - anuncio


Creole

Kouman pou Anpeche Moustik ki Koze Maladi Deng lan Pwopaje
Drennen dlo dòmi


French

Comment empêcher la propagation du moustique qui cause la dengue
Comment prendre soin du patient quand il a de la fièvre



Portuguese

Como prevenir a propagação do mosquito que causa a dengue

For more information, click here.
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TO REPORT MOSQUITO PROBLEMS IN MIAMI-DADE, PLEASE CALL 311.

Mosquitoes are insects belonging to the order Diptera, the True Flies. Like all True Flies, they have two wings, but unlike other flies, mosquito wings have scales. Female mosquitoes' mouthparts form a long piercing-sucking proboscis. Males differ from females by having feathery antennae and mouthparts not suitable for piercing skin. A mosquito's principal food is nectar or similar sugar source.


There are over 2500 different species of mosquitoes throughout the world; about 200 species occur in the United States with 77 species occurring in Florida. A new species, Anopheles grabhamii, was reported from the Florida Keys in 2001 (Darsie et al. 2002). Each mosquito species has a Latin scientific name, such as Anopheles quadrimaculatus. Anopheles is the "generic" name of a group of closely related mosquitoes and quadrimaculatus is the "species" name that represents a group of individuals that are similar in structure and physiology and capable of interbreeding. These names are used in a descriptive manner so that the name tells something about each particular mosquito, for example, Anopheles - Greek meaning hurtful or prejudicial and quadrimaculatus - Latin meaning four spots (4 dark spots on the wings). Some species have what are called "common names" as well as scientific names, such as Ochlerotatus taeniorhynchus, the "black salt marsh mosquito."

Scientific investigators (taxonomists) are constantly looking for new mosquitoes, as well as reviewing previously identified specimens for new information or identifying characteristics. Better microscopic equipment developed in the last 20 years has improved the taxonomist's ability to determine differences between species. Recently such a review by Dr. John Reinert (2000) led to a change in the name of many mosquitoes belonging to the genus Aedes. Using improved methods and over 30 years' experience he elevated a subgenus of Aedes ( Ochlerotatus ) to the status of genus. This will necessitate the renaming of many mosquitoes previously named Aedes to the genus Ochlerotatus and the rewriting of many taxonomic keys important to public health entomologists working in mosquito control.


The Name "Mosquito"

The Spanish called the mosquitoes "musketas," and the native Hispanic Americans called them "zancudos." "Mosquito" is a Spanish or Portuguese word meaning "little fly" while "zancudos," a Spanish word, means "long-legged." The use of the word "mosquito" is apparently of North American origin and dates back to about 1583 (http://www.mda.state.md.us/mosquito/mosquito.htm). In Europe, mosquitoes were called "gnats" by the English, "Les moucherons" or "Les cousins" by French writers, while the Germans used the name "Stechmucken" or "Schnacke." In Scandinavian countries mosquitoes were called by a variety of names including "myg" and "myyga" and the Greeks called them "konopus." In 300 B.C., Aristotle referred to mosquitoes as "empis" in his "Historia Animalium" where he documented their life cycle and metamorphic abilities. Modern writers used the name Culex and it is retained today as the name of a mosquito genus. What is the correct plural form of the word mosquito? In Spanish it would be "mosquitos," but in English "mosquitoes" (with the "e") is correct.

Mosquitoes can be an annoying, serious problem in man's domain. They interfere with work and spoil hours of leisure time. Their attacks on farm animals can cause loss of weight and decreased milk production. Some mosquitoes are capable of transmitting diseases such as malaria, yellow fever, dengue, filariasis and encephalitis [St. Louis encephalitis (SLE), Western Equine encephalitis (WEE), LaCrosse encephalitis (LAC), Japanese encephalitis (JE), Eastern Equine encephalitis (EEE) and West Nile virus (WNV)] to humans and animals.

Frequently Asked Questions (Source: www.mosquito.org)
Mosquito Control (Source: www.mosquito.org)
Repellents (Source: www.mosquito.org) (Source: www.mosquito.org)
West Nile Virus (Source: www.mosquito.org)

To visit the Mosquito Control page of Miami-Dade County, please click here.




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